Italian architect-researcher Carlo Rattini sure that digital technology will greatly change their appearance. His project seven years to build a new science city in Milan. To win the competition helped the vision of development of the city. Only highlighted 10 trends in digital tehnologiyah, which will develop the city in the next 30-50 years.
Digital reprogrammable space
Problem: by 2050, cities will be overcrowded
Decision: to combine more functions in one area
In the cities a lot of places that are not used for most of the day and year. Because all of them were created for one specific function. The more we combine in one area functions, the more we increase the density, reduce energy consumption and create more spaces for sotsilny activities.
Waternet: create a smart network of pipelines
Problem: by 2030 will need 40% more drinking water
Decision: to avoid up to 30% water loss
Now, we can accurately monitor the water supply network, to see leaks and understand graphs of consumption. But, if you combine the Internet and network, we solve two problems: to begin to better manage this valuable resource and to demonstrate to people the consequences of their consumption, to change the water.
Car without a driver
Problem: traffic is heavily pollute the air
Decision: to use more cars without drivers
The advantage of machines to self-government is not that the hands are released from steering wheel. This car can drive without a break: to take you to work and to go for the next passenger. In this technology comes the system that will completely blur the boundary between private and public transport.
Trees and other greenery
Problem: pollution created extreme climate
Decision: to increase by 10% green areas
Trees positively affect not only the ecology but also the mood of the people. Green spaces create a more comfortable environment for humans. This emotional connection can turn a social network with trees to digitize them and combine with the residents to feel attachment to plants is like caring for Pets. On the one hand will increase the responsibility of everybody on the other — increase requests to the authorities to increase vegetation.
Problem: energy sources generate 60% of carbon dioxide
Decision: to redistribute the excess energy
The principle is very simple: the more energy you create, the more you generate heat and as a by-product. And it is warm, instead of harm, the atmosphere can be used for heating or cooling entire regions. Therefore, the system allows also to save energy.
Shared city: city shared
Problem: infrastructure idle without work
Decision: to reduce unnecessary through the collaborative economy
In the digital age it becomes easier to share and not to own: rent a car, Uber or rent apartments through AirBnb. But this is only the beginning. Many objects in the town is still idle most of the time. In the future all they will share.
Search and solution of problems through bikes
Problem: cities designed for cars
Decision: to develop the infrastructure for bicycles
A Bicycle can be an important source of information. For example, the Copenhagen team Ratti tested the system in which the Bicycle wheel has become a universal sensor. The collected travel information is becoming a powerful tool of analysis of the state of the city immediately see where the problem areas are and in what direction to develop the infrastructure.
Socially-integrated network of streets
Problem: urban areas often are not linked
Decision: to avoid building with the division between rich and poor
In Medellin the most convenient transport was the poorest: now the favela is associated with other areas direct the cable car. This model will be used everywhere. It is not only about transport, but about building a social orientation. For example, the construction of libraries in difficult areas allows you to mix different layers and to combine the city.
Problem: 45% of European vegetables come into the kitchen is not fresh
Decision: agricultural holdings to move closer to the cities
It is impossible to produce all the food for new York in new York. There is simply insufficient space. But the conditions for the development of domestic agriculture can be created. Thus the city not only receives local products, but also develops medium-sized business and provides the residents a connection to the land, which mankind has practiced for thousands of years.
Built-in lights sensors
Problem: street lighting is expensive and toxic
Decision: to use a LED lamp and built-in sensors
The world refuses to incandescent bulbs in favor of energy-efficient. The same fate awaits street lighting. If the new lamp to integrate and sensors, you get a combined information network. She will be able to measure air quality, busy streets, and even replace traffic lights.