10 tech trends that will change our city

Italian architect-researcher Carlo Rattini sure that digital technology will greatly change their appearance. His project seven years to build a new science city in Milan. To win the competition helped the vision of development of the city. Only highlighted 10 trends in digital tehnologiyah, which will develop the city in the next 30-50 years.

10 технических направлений, которые изменят наши города

Digital reprogrammable space

Problem: by 2050, cities will be overcrowded

Decision: to combine more functions in one area

In the cities a lot of places that are not used for most of the day and year. Because all of them were created for one specific function. The more we combine in one area functions, the more we increase the density, reduce energy consumption and create more spaces for sotsilny activities.

Waternet: create a smart network of pipelines

Problem: by 2030 will need 40% more drinking water

Decision: to avoid up to 30% water loss

Now, we can accurately monitor the water supply network, to see leaks and understand graphs of consumption. But, if you combine the Internet and network, we solve two problems: to begin to better manage this valuable resource and to demonstrate to people the consequences of their consumption, to change the water.

Car without a driver

Problem: traffic is heavily pollute the air

Decision: to use more cars without drivers

The advantage of machines to self-government is not that the hands are released from steering wheel. This car can drive without a break: to take you to work and to go for the next passenger. In this technology comes the system that will completely blur the boundary between private and public transport.

Trees and other greenery

Problem: pollution created extreme climate

Decision: to increase by 10% green areas

Trees positively affect not only the ecology but also the mood of the people. Green spaces create a more comfortable environment for humans. This emotional connection can turn a social network with trees to digitize them and combine with the residents to feel attachment to plants is like caring for Pets. On the one hand will increase the responsibility of everybody on the other — increase requests to the authorities to increase vegetation.

Reallocated energy

Problem: energy sources generate 60% of carbon dioxide

Decision: to redistribute the excess energy

The principle is very simple: the more energy you create, the more you generate heat and as a by-product. And it is warm, instead of harm, the atmosphere can be used for heating or cooling entire regions. Therefore, the system allows also to save energy.

Shared city: city shared

Problem: infrastructure idle without work

Decision: to reduce unnecessary through the collaborative economy

In the digital age it becomes easier to share and not to own: rent a car, Uber or rent apartments through AirBnb. But this is only the beginning. Many objects in the town is still idle most of the time. In the future all they will share.

Search and solution of problems through bikes

Problem: cities designed for cars

Decision: to develop the infrastructure for bicycles

A Bicycle can be an important source of information. For example, the Copenhagen team Ratti tested the system in which the Bicycle wheel has become a universal sensor. The collected travel information is becoming a powerful tool of analysis of the state of the city immediately see where the problem areas are and in what direction to develop the infrastructure.

Socially-integrated network of streets

Problem: urban areas often are not linked

Decision: to avoid building with the division between rich and poor

In Medellin the most convenient transport was the poorest: now the favela is associated with other areas direct the cable car. This model will be used everywhere. It is not only about transport, but about building a social orientation. For example, the construction of libraries in difficult areas allows you to mix different layers and to combine the city.

Urban agriculture

Problem: 45% of European vegetables come into the kitchen is not fresh

Decision: agricultural holdings to move closer to the cities

It is impossible to produce all the food for new York in new York. There is simply insufficient space. But the conditions for the development of domestic agriculture can be created. Thus the city not only receives local products, but also develops medium-sized business and provides the residents a connection to the land, which mankind has practiced for thousands of years.

Built-in lights sensors

Problem: street lighting is expensive and toxic

Decision: to use a LED lamp and built-in sensors

The world refuses to incandescent bulbs in favor of energy-efficient. The same fate awaits street lighting. If the new lamp to integrate and sensors, you get a combined information network. She will be able to measure air quality, busy streets, and even replace traffic lights.