EXCLUSIVE / The three opposition parties in the national Assembly have in hand a report on the state of the terms and conditions of a voting system based on proportional representation in Quebec. If they are acceptable to the principle of proportional representation, they must now attempt to establish amongst themselves a consensus on the precise formula to retain, which could add seats to the 125 current.
In December 2016, the Parti québécois, the Coalition avenir Québec and Québec solidaire (and Option nationale at that time, and the green Party) have advocated a system of proportional representation, and mixed.
The liberal Party of Quebec had made a tape to share. He later explained that, according to him, the current method of election from single-member constituencies to a tower is preferable to all others because of the “stability” that it brings — even if he was interested in the change there are a dozen years.
With one voice, the Coalition avenir Québec, the Parti québécois and Québec solidaire are committed to ensuring that the election in October next to be the last held under the fashion that we know about — as long as one of them would take the power.
The report they have in hand date in the month of march. It was produced by the Mouvement démocratie nouvelle. It is the result of a tour conducted by this group last fall. The Sun has obtained a copy.
Elected from regional lists
The document addressed the opposition parties, proposes “a method of proportional voting, mixed compensatory, with compensation national and regional distribution” — that is how it is described.
To reach the best possible toward this objective, the national Assembly should take a few seats more than 125 current, one can read in the report. It does, however, have any other clarification in this regard.
The system is said to be “mixed” because it would include both constituency seats, to be filled in the same way as currently, but that would be in fewer, seats and “compensation” distributed on a regional basis.
Each voter would have two votes. The first would be used to elect a constituency from such or such a political formation, as it is now, and the second, to choose a party, ” says one.
There would, for example, 75 seats are allocated from the first vote and fifty seats allocated with the second. These seats, known as compensation, would be awarded to candidates from regional lists established by the parties. The designation of elected representatives would be based on the percentages of votes obtained by the parties on the scale of Quebec.
The electoral map should consist of eight regions, recommended in the report of the Mouvement démocratie nouvelle. This means that a number of mps would be elected in each of these areas on this basis to “compensate”, since they would be fifty to be this way in total.
The document also suggests to set at 2% of the entrance gate to the national Assembly.
It recommends the establishment of”financial incentives based on the number of women elected” and other incentive measures designed to ensure that applications from female candidates and those of “people of immigrant origin and visible minorities” corresponds to the proportion they represent in each region.
It also recommends that a draft bill ad-hoc committee to be presented to the national Assembly within 90 days following the provincial elections of October 2018″.
“It is possible that such a system generates more often a minority government or coalition,” recognizes the Mouvement démocratie nouvelle. However, he believes that the advantages of a polling-type “proportional” far outweigh the disadvantages.
In December 2016, the opposition parties have noted that during the elections of 2014, the Quebec liberal Party has harvested 42% of the vote, but that it has obtained 70 of the 125 seats in the national Assembly, or 56%.
The distortions of the current system have already played a bad turn to the liberal Party. In 1998, he had lost the election even though he had harvested nearly 28,000 more votes than the Parti québécois. Despite its votes, the party then led by Lucien Bouchard had obtained 28 seats more than him.
In February 2017, on the federal scene, the government, Justin Trudeau has set aside the commitment made by the liberal Party of Canada election campaign to reform the mode of election. “We have not been able to reach the broad consensus necessary to make a change of this magnitude”, justified the minister of democratic Institutions, Karina Gould.
A decline that had raised an outcry among the opposition parties in the House of commons. They had accused the federal government of fuelling the cynicism of citizens.