A long time between the United States and China were not so fierce competition, which now covers almost all of what you are doing both countries, from the production of solar energy to recycling. Recently this race has grown to include research and technological development.
It appears that China overtook the United States in the past. From research in the field of artificial intelligence to building quantum networks, and now the most powerful supercomputer in the world China takes the first place. In fact, his two best supercomputer is much superior to all 21 supercomputer in the United States, managed by the Department of energy (DOE).
But American researchers seek to recover the first place at the top of the League tables, and the latest machine in their pipeline may be the key. National laboratory oak ridge, Tennessee, scientists build “Summit” supercomputer, which is said to be able to replace the most powerful car in the United States. He will be commissioned during 2018.
However, this supercomputer is not the only one. At the Argonne national laboratory in Lemont, Illinois, scientists are planning to build a supercomputer that’s even faster than Summit. Named as A21, this machine can perform about 1000 petaflop of floating-point operations per second (or 10 in the 18-th degree of flops), which is an evaluation of the ultimate capacity of the human brain. The theoretical maximum performance of these machines at the highest level can reach 200 petaflop.
With such performance, the two machines will far surpass the Chinese Sunway TaihuLight — currently the most powerful computer in the world, the performance of which reaches 93 petaflop. It is assumed that, with Intel and Cray, A21 will be built by 2021, two years ahead of schedule. Scientists plan to meet this week in Knoxville, Tennessee, to study the first detailed draft of this supercomputer.
It looks like a solid intention to regain first place, although it is noted that China and perhaps Japan with a high probability will soon launch classroom computers exascale (1000 petaflops), the first of which will be presented Tianhe-3 in 2020, as the implementation of the five-year plan.
At least, the work on the Summit and A21 will not leave US in the dust thanks to the achievements of China in the development of supercomputers. For decades the U.S. was the undisputed leader in this field, and China have received this title only in 2013 and since then holds it.