The digital divide: the Internet in the Ukrainian village

Цифровой разрыв: интернет в украинском селе

Peter Chernyshov, President of Kyivstar In Ukraine, a large digital divide. In the cities all have fast Internet in the apartment and the office, on the streets, fast 3G, and soon to be super-fast 4G. But in the villages there is nothing. Offensively. There are different suggestions how to solve this problem.

1. Digital on Talk with Volodymyr Groysman one provider made a suggestion to provide rural schools with satellite Internet. It’s a bad offer. Below will tell you why.
2. To bury a lot of public money and to hold the fiber optic cable to all villages. And money should give the state, since private companies, this project is not recoverable. And I needed the money – $3 billion! This is a bad proposal, because no one, except the state, in our country there is so much money to invest in the Internet. Making the “Internet” (maybe even the first in the world), we’ll do not the smart way.
3. In the country to introduce the technological neutrality and to sell to operators of low frequency (for example, 700-800-900 MHz). Why the operators insist on technological neutrality? Yes, because it is the best option to destroy the digital divide. This is the best option for all countries, for users of market participants.
Still read? Even more interesting? Then tell me why Sputnik is a bad option.
Satellite Internet is very expensive. I specifically looked at the website of this provider to check rates. So – in 60 GB in a month you have to pay 1500 UAH. Our unlimited 3G now costs 155 USD. 10 times cheaper
Satellite Internet is not the most stable. It depends – imagine – the weather! Mobile Internet, fortunately, it works more stable.
Satellite communications in the tundra, in the forest, on small Islands in the ocean or in the desert. There are places in Ukraine? No!
The delay of signal transmission from the satellite – as much as 275 milliseconds in one direction (so much electromagnetic wave to cover the distance of 38,000 km from the satellite!). For comparison, the 3G signal delay – 40-50 milliseconds. What does this mean in practice? That students will not be able to use online applications to play, for example, or conduct a videoconference will not be easy.
One provider of satellite Internet is a monopoly. And where’s the competition and stimulate the market, which we have discussed with the Prime Minister? According to the Antimonopoly legislation, the operator will be subject to limitations and by the AMCU. We need such problems?
The price of the satellite depends on the dollar. What will happen to prices for schools?
In the case of technological neutrality and launch 3G on the 900 MHz frequency, the operators will compete among themselves to offer the best rates. Moreover, already almost all provide unlimited batch-online. And there is no reference to the dollar.
Technological neutrality is just a paper from the Regulator (NCRC). And the frequency can be (and should be!) to hold an auction where the operators pay the government. And not Vice versa, as in the case with the satellite.