So, you have made a final decision and feel mentally prepared for the birth of the child. However, the organism for some reason does not support your desire to become a parent. In this situation, one should not jump to conclusions – it is first necessary to fully understand this issue.
According to the world health organization, infertility is defined as inability to conceive during 12 months of regular sexual intercourse in the absence of using any contraceptive methods. Consequently, a perfectly healthy couple with no reproductive pathology may unsuccessfully try to conceive for a whole year, and it completely fits into the concept of the norm!
Now we will explain the main reasons that can interfere with conception. Reproductive disorders, not allowing the woman to conceive, may arise from both the female and male body.
Let’s start with causes female infertility.
1. Ovulation problems
Ovulation is the process of release of an egg from the ovary by the rupture of the follicle. It happens every month approximately on day 14 of the menstrual cycle. The violation of ovulation is any condition that prevents the release of an egg from the ovary. The most common cause is hormonal imbalance.
2. Occlusion of fallopian tube
Uterine (fallopian) tube is the organ that connects the uterus to the abdominal cavity. In this place, conditions are ideal for the transportation of male and female germ cells and sperm fertilization. Violation of the fallopian tubes may be due to infection, tumor, complications after surgery. In this situation, the sperm cannot reach the egg and fertilize it.
3. Polycystic ovary syndrome
PCOS is a hormonal disease characterized by increased secretion of male hormones (androgens), resulting in the ovaries increase in size, and inside innumerable small cysts. Clinically it is manifested by irregular menstruation or a complete absence ovulation disorders.
Endometriosis is a disease in which the tissue of the inner surface of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside of it. Endometriosis is a relatively common pathology, which, moreover, may cause infertility. In addition to problems with conception the disease can manifest pain in the pelvic area, painful sexual intercourse, increase in duration of menstrual bleeding.
Now the causes of male infertility.
Varicocele is dilatation of the spermatic cord, which is often accompanied by varicose veins of the lower extremities. Clinically, this pathology can appear only on the 3rd stage of the disease. Circulatory disorders eventually may lead to atrophy of the seminiferous epithelium and infertility.
2. Violations of spermatogenesis
This refers to both qualitative and quantitative disorders: absence or reduction in the number of sperm in the ejaculate, reduced semen volume, impaired motility and reduced speed of movement of sperm.
3. Obstruction of the seminal tract
Violation of patency of the seminal tract could be due to an infectious process, tumor, post-operative scar.
Important: all information provided on the website of Fabious, is for INFORMATIONAL purposes only and does not replace the advice, diagnosis or professional medical care. If you experience health problems immediately consult the expert.